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Introduction   

Indravati Tiger Reserve is situated in Dantewad (formerly Bastar) district of Madhya Pradesh. The Tiger Reserve is named after the Indravati river which flows from East to West and forms Northern boundary with Maharashtra.

The Reserve forests are the catchment area of the perennial river Indravati. Numerous seasonal streams criss-cross the area. The terrain is undulating with most of the area covered with small hills - Kutroo to Kandlapatru and Matti Murka.

There are around a score of excellent grasslands. Wild buffalo, Chital, Barking deer, Neelgai, gaur are seen grazing in these areas.

Indravati forms an important link with the conservation areas in the vast forest belt extending into Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. It is large and the best potential habitat for the Wild Buffalo.

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Conservation History 

Madhya Pradesh Government established Indravati (formerly Kutru N.P.) National Park in 1981. In 1983, the Indravati National Park (1258.372 sq. km.) along with buffer zone of 1540.714 sq. km. was included in the Project Tiger Network. The total area of the Tiger Reserve is 2799.086 sq. km.

Census  

Animal
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
 
  Tiger
  14
  14
  15
  20
  22
  23
  Panther
  21
  21
  23
  35
  30
  38
  Wild Buffalo
  125
  214
  138
  160
  165
  165
  Gaur
  107
  172
  178
  180
  162
  183
  Spotted Deer
  1498
  1875
  2233
  2535
  2535
  2545
  Sambhar
  215
  298
  321
  325
  325
  335
  Blue Bull
  488
  689
  715
  705
  705
  710
  Fourhorned Antelopes
  318
  304
  290
  292
  292
  308
  Wild Boar
  281
  327
  345
  346
  346
  367
  Sloth Bear
  22
  24
  25
  28
  28
  30

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Archeology

There is old Shiva temple (in ruins) near village Pasewada inside the Tiger Reserve.

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Forest Types 

Southern Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest with Teak ,Southern Moist Mixed Deciduous Dorest without Teak ,Southern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest .

Major Flora

Main Species

Teak, Dhaora, Lendia, Saja, Salai, Moyan, Mahua, Dhoban, Siras, Tendu, Bija, Achar, Karra, Kullu, Shisham, Semal, Haldu, Arjun, Bel, Jamun, Rohan, Bahera, Mundi, Kasai etc.

Major Fauna

Main Species

Tiger, Leopard, Striped Hyena, Wild Dog, Wolf, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrel, Indian Fox, Spotted Deer, Sambhar, Barking Deer, Blue Bull, Wild Pig, Wild Buffalo and Gaur . Reptiles : Fresh Water Crocodile, Common Monitor Lizard, Indian Chameleon , Common Krait, Indian Rock Python, Cobra and Russell's Viper.


Endangered Species

Tiger, Wild Buffalo

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Management  

Practices, Achievements and Shortfalls

Some efforts have been made to create water sources in various parts of the Tiger Reserve. The water retention capacity of the soil is very poor, so the tanks, check-dams, stop-dams do not serve the purpose as these water bodies usually get dry by the end of March. So many hand pumps and water holes have been created. This has given excellent results to serve as artificial water holes during the summer season when the water scarcity is acute. There are 19 small tanks, two stop-dams and six hand pumps with saucer in the Tiger Reserve Area. In view of the naxalite activities, protection and habitat improvement works are hampered.

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Constraints

Grazing

About 14000 cattle from 56 villages situated in and around the Reserve exert immense pressure on habitat causing degradation and competition for resources for wild animals.


Poaching of fauna and flora

Group hunting by tribal (knows as "Parad") from February to June is a problem.

Year
Poaching
 
1990
  Nil
1991
  Nil
1992
  Nil
1993
  Nil
1994
  Nil
1995
  Nil
1996
  Nil
1997 Peacock
  2
  Sambhar
  3
  Spotted Deer
  2
  Wild Boar
  2
  Blue Bull
  1
  Barking Deer
  1

Criminals and Extremists

Activities of the naxalites in the region have demoralised the field staff. They have burnt all the wireless sets and instigate the tribals for encroachment, illicit felling and poaching. The staff is afraid of touring and undertaking protection works.


Offence cases

Year
Poaching
Encroachment
Illicit Felling
 
  1994-95
  --
  --
  --
  1995-96
  --
  --
  --
  1996-97
  --
  09
  03
  1997-98
  03
  07
  --
  1998-99
  --
  --
  01
       
  Total
  03
  16
  04

Diseases

None

Encroachment

Year
Encroached area
   
1989-1995
Nil
1996
8 Acre
1997
Nil
1998
17.50 Acre





Control of the buffer

The buffer area (1540.714 sq. km.) is under the control of D.F.O., Bijapur. It is not under the control of the Reserve management.

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Conflicts

Man-Animal

No loss of human life by wild animals has been reported since 1983.

Action Points    

Transfer of Buffer to the management of the tiger Reserve.
2.
Ecodevelopment to provide benefits to people
3.

Education and awareness campaigns by involving local communities and NGOs.

 



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