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Introduction 

Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve is the pristine and unique eco-system situated in the Chandrapur district of the Maharashtra State of India. The Reserve contains some of the best of forest tracks and endowed with rich biodiversity. It is famous for its natural heritage. Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve is the second Tiger Reserve in the State.

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Conservation History 

Tadoba-andhari Tiger reserve was created in 1995. The area of the Reserve is 625.40 sq. km. This includes Tadoba National Park, created in 1955 with an area of 116.55 sq. km. and andhari Wildlife Sanctuary created in 1986 with an area of 508.85 sq. km. The Reserve is constituted with 577.96 sq. km. Reserve Forest, 32.51 sq. km. Protected Forest and 14.93 sq. km. other areas.

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Census 

Animals
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
 
Tiger
36
37
40
42
43
Leopard
29
24
30
24
15
Leopard Cat
4
3
3
9
--
Jungle Cat
45
92
126
55
44
Wild Dog
225
242
257
369
1758
Jackal
--
95
--
82
79
Sloth Bear
136
154
168
213
165
Ratel
--
--
15
8
1
Mongoose
--
--
245
--
184
Indian Civet
43
51
28
16
--
Hyena
--
--
2
2
5
Wild Boar
1291
1484
1676
2099
195
Spotted Deer
2539
2909
3231
2896
2039
Sambar
516
605
673
888
669
Barking Deer
413
629
633
615
512
Indian Bison
619
683
746
820
1052
Blue Bull
146
192
234
284
228
Four-hornedAntelope
85
125
154
149
145
Indian Pangolin
4
16
12
14
2
Porcupine
7
26
49
30
22
Langoor
1203
1832
2335
3296
2770

Offence cases

Year
Illicit cutting
Grazing Fire Encroachment Wildlife Other
Total
 
  1993-94
  276
  8
  21
  --
  7
  1
  313
  1994-95
  207
  1
  8
  1
  7
  --
  224
  1995-96
  130
  3
  45
  --
  3
  4
  188
  1996-97
  178
  5
  19
  --
  5
  6
  213
  1997-98
  99
  --
  14
  1
  2
  13
  129

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Forest Types    

Southern tropical Dry Deciduous Forest - 5A-CI-1B

Major Flora

Main Species

Teak, Ain, Bija, Dhauda, Haldu, Salai, Semal, Tendu and bamboo.

Major Fauna

Main Species

Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Gaur or Indian Bison, Rusty Spotted Cat, Ratel, Indian mouse deer, Spotted deer, Sambar, Wild Boar, Four horned antelope, Wild dog, Flying Squirrel etc.

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Management

Practices, Achievements and Shortfalls

The Management Plan for Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve for the period 1997-98 to 2006-2007 has been approved by the Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife). Management inputs as prescribed in the plan have been initiated since 1997-98.

Protection is most important management input in the Reserve. A novel method of protecting the forest with the help of tribal youth from the six villages within the andhari Sanctuary has been initiated. Fifteen patrolling parties have been formed in which along with the field staff, 3 village protection force volunteers have been assigned the job of daily patrolling the Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve and help in curbing all illegal activities. These volunteers are kept for a maximum of three months for which wages are given as per available grants. However, after three months fresh young tribal are taken as members of the village protection force so that all the families of the six villages get some wages for their livelihood and feel a sense of responsibility for protection of the Reserve.

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Special Projects    

The study of regeneration status of different plant species .
The crop composition in the Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve .


Eco-development

Under the Maharashtra Forestry Project funded by the World Bank, ecodevelopment activities have been taken up in ten villages situated on the periphery of the Reserve.

Village Forest Protection Committees

No village Forest Protection Committee has been formed. However, the village Eco-development Executive Committees have a reciprocal agreement with the Reserve management for protection of the Reserve in lieu of the village ecodevelopment inputs received.

Education and Awareness

In the Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve on the eve of the Wildlife Week children up to high school standard from nearby villages and town are brought by Reserve bus to Tadoba and given environment and wildlife education and quiz tests are organised.

Street plays with help of local nature clubs like Rhino Nature Club are arranged, round the year, in different villages around the Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve.

Nature awareness camps of children from nearby villages and towns are organised with the help of local nature clubs like Vidarbha Nature and Human Science Center at Tadoba periodically.

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Constraints

Human population

There is no human population in core zone. There are 41644 people in and around the Reserve in 59 villages.

Livestock population

There is no cattle population in core zone. there are 41820 livestock population.

Encroachment

None

Grazing

Grazing is not allowed on core zone. Regulated grazing is allowed in buffer zone to the inhabitants of villages in the buffer zone. The cattle of peripheral villages sneak in to the Reserve and cause damage to the habitat.


Fire

Fire incidences in the Reserve

Year No of cases Total Area % of area to the Total area of P.A.
1993 109 1397.130 2.40%
1994 45 9602.000 16.555
1995 58 207.000 0.35%
1996 49 4271.180 7.36%
1997 45 5241.720 9.03%


 

 

 

 

Poaching of fauna and flora

Poaching of fauna

Year Total
Sambar
S.Deer
Hare
Nilgai
Wild Boar
Total
1993-94
4
2
2
8
1994-95
2
2
4
1995-96
2
2
1996-97
1
1
1997-98
1
1

Diseases

None

Control of the Buffer

The buffer zone is under the unified management of the Reserve.

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Conflicts    

Man-Animal

Killing of domestic livestock by tigers and leopards is a frequent phenomenon in the area where there are villages. This usually has an adverse impact on the economic condition of the local people. This results into antagonism towards the management.

Human and livestock killed by tiger and leopard


Year
Human
Cattle
1992
2
54
1993
--
37
1994
3
44
1995
--
25
1996
3
35
1997
--
14


 

 

 

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Action Points

1. To consolidate the area by expeditious completion of inquiry, settlement process and relocation of villages.

2. Permanent demarcation of boundary and also protecting the boundary at places by trench cum mound devices.

3. Strengthen the protection status by providing extra manpower, vehicle, and communication system and involving people in protection.

4. Development of infrastructure likes roads, buildings etc.

5. Habitat improvement work. 6. Reducing dependency of people on the Reserve by ecodevelopment. 7. Research on different aspects of wildlife.

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